Diabetes is a disorder in which there is a shortage of insulin in the body. This condition prevents the muscles/organs of the body to convert glucose to energy ultimately resulting excessive quantity of glucose in the blood stream which is also known as hyperglycaemia.
A common condition in humans, diabetes, is also commonly diagnosed in dogs. A dog that is affected by it will always be hungry, since glucose is unable to reach the brain. In this case, glucose levels inside the brain are so low that it is unable to register whether it is receiving food or not. There is an increase in thirst as well due to an increase in the urine. Diabetes causes severe damage to liver, eyes and kidneys too.
Symptoms of Diabetes in Dogs
Early signs of diabetes in dogs include:
- Excessive thirst
- Excessive urination
- Weight loss
Later signs of diabetes in dogs include:
- Anorexia or total appetite loss
- Lethargy and depression
Other symptoms indicating diabetes include:
- Enlarged liver
- Kidney or bladder infection
Causes of Diabetes in Dogs
- Genetic predisposition is the most common source for diabetes in few breeds since they have a high tendency to acquire diabetes and their young ones ultimately inherit them too.
- Studies have also pointed towards a relation between hormones therapies and diabetes. Dogs receiving drugs for heat cycles run at a high risk for developing diabetes.
- Other causes are still under investigation and mainly include immune-system disorders. These investigations indicate viral diseases as a possible cause for this condition as well.
Diagnosis of Diabetes in Dogs
Diabetes in dogs can be successfully diagnosed by:
- Complete blood count
- Chemical profile
To detect concurrent diseases/complications that are caused due to diabetes, vets can also make use of:
- Abdominal X-rays
Treatment of Diabetes in Dogs
Veterinary hospitals in Bolton usually prescribe treatment plans that most probably includes daily exercise, diet change etc. Creating a balance in insulin levels apart from reducing obesity in the affected dog is the first priority of such treatments. Moist and soft foods should be avoided as they cause rapid glucose accumulation in the body. Moreover, keeping a daily or weekly tab on your dog’s diet, test results, insulin dose etc. can also help.
If your dog is adversely affected and there aren’t any plans of breeding, go for spaying or neutering your dog. This can help to avoid hormone surge which can result in other complications for diabetic dogs. Diabetes isn’t something that can be cured easily. However, your dog’s health can surely be kept stable so that it leads an enjoyable life.
We, at Northpoint Veterinary Hospital, have the most reliable veterinary team which is not just qualified but experienced too. Our diagnostic equipment along with effective treatment plans will make sure that your pet receives the best vet care. Call us anytime to book an appointment with our vet.